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French Bulldog Dog Breed Profile

French Bulldog

Other Names
Francais, Frenchie 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Breed Classification
The French Bulldog is a member of the utility group. They were originally bred as bull baiters and ratters and today they are companions and seen in the show ring..  
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
Diet should be monitored as this dog can become overweight leading to serious health problems, such as heart problems and back difficulties.  
Other Expenses
A puppy can cost around £800, depending on the area, sex, etc . There is a high demand for puppies expect to wait at least Two years for a quality puppy.  
9 - 15 years
The average lifespan of a Frenchie is 10 to 12 years.  
Average Litter Size
The average litter is between 3 - 5 puppies. 
General Physical Description
These small sized compact short coated muscular dogs with erect batlike ears They have a short wrinkly face and a short well rounded body The back end is higher than the front They are very quick off the mark when necessary
Height Min Max
Bitch 30cm (12") 31cm (12")
Dog 30cm (12") 31cm (12")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 13kg (29lbs) 13kg (29lbs)
Dog 11kg (24lbs) 11kg (24lbs)
Size Category
Weight Height Range
Dogs should measure between 30.5-31.5cms and ideally weigh under 12.7kgs. Bitches should ideally measure between 30.5-31.5cms and weigh under 10.9kgs.  
They can be prone to being overweight which leads to problems with the heart and back, so adequate exercise and the correct diet are necessary. Intervertebral disc disease is not common but has been reported in the breed.  
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
Some stories say that the French Bulldog is a descendent of a Spanish bull-baiting dog. It seems more likely that in the 1860's when bulldogs were very popular in Britain some small varieties began to appear; these small dogs were imported to France by the French breeders and then crossed with French terriers. The result was the French Bulldog as we know it today. When it first appeared in Britain in 1893 the name was a big issue: how dare it be called a bulldog, which is a very British breed! Some early dogs were called Toy Bulldogs. The Kennel Club started to register the dog as Bouledogue Francais in 1905.  
They can be relatively easy to train but this must be started at an early age before stubbornness sets in. They can be a little boisterous, comical and know exactly how to look at you, their expressive face ensuring that you go off the track when training!Therefore consistency is a must. < 
Show Characteristics
The French Bulldog should have a square, large and broad head with a broad, deep, short muzzle. The head should be flat between the ears and the face should be wrinkled. The bottom jaw should be slightly undershot and turned up. The eyes should be round, wide set and dark in colour. The ears should be medium sized, high set, broad and carried erect, described as 'bat ears'. The neck should be powerful, thick and well arched with loose skin at the throat. The chest should be deep with a short body, wide at the front and narrow at the back. The front legs should be wide set, straight, short, muscular and strong, the back legs should be strong, muscular and longer than the front legs. The feet should be small, compact and well knuckled; the back feet should be longer than the front. The tail should be low set, short but not docked, straight or kinked but never curling over the back or carried erect. The coat should be short, fine and smooth. The colours desired are brindle, pied or fawn. Tan, mouse, solid black, liver and black and white are undesirable for the show ring. >  
Country Of Origin
Famous Examples
Records Held
Overall Exercise
0 - 20 minutes per day.
They do not require long walks, a few shorter ones every day will be enough. They should not be overly exercised in hot or warm weather as they can have difficulty breathing due to their short noses.  
Distress if Left Alone
Personal Protection
Guard Dog Suitability
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Tendency to Bark
Level of Aggression
Compatibility With Other Animals
Suitable For Children


General Character And Temperament
They are affectionate, intelligent little dogs that will tolerate well-behaved children. They can be jealous if they do not have all of your attention and, if left alone for long periods, can be destructive. They love human company and to be included in family life and activities.  
Coat Length
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Requires Professional Groomer
The French Bulldog is easy to groom. They can be groomed using a rubber-grooming mitt, which will remove loose and dead hair. The wrinkles on the face should be checked and kept clean.  
The Frenchie can be brindle, pied or fawn in colour. Pied is mainly white with brindle patches, no spots or ticking, and black eyelashes and eye rims.  
Suffers From Allergies
Tendency to Cause Allergies