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Hungarian Vizsla Dog Breed Profile

Hungarian Vizsla

General
Other Names
Magyar Vizsla, Vizsla  
Dog Group Kennel Club
Gundog 
Breed Classification
The Hungarian Vizsla is a member of the gundog group. It is one of only 7 recognised breeds that hunt, point and retrieve (HPR). They were originally used for hunting and in falconry; today they are used as gundogs and as companions.  
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
A good well balanced dog food, or a completely natural diet (protein based) is ideal. 
Other Expenses
The average cost of a puppy is between £650 to £800. 
Average Puppy Price
£500-800 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
The average lifespan is 14 to 15 years. However some Vizslas have been known to live less or longer than this.  
Average Litter Size
6 or 7 puppies is the average size of a litter, but much larger litters (up to 12) and smaller litters have been recorded. 
General Physical Description
The Hungarian Vizsla a medium sized, solid coloured, active dog with a short coat. They have a noble and graceful appearance and give the impression of great stamina, covering the ground in an elegant manner.
Height Min Max
Bitch 53cm (21") 60cm (24")
Dog 57cm (22") 64cm (25")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 20kg (44lbs) 30kg (66lbs)
Dog 20kg (44lbs) 30kg (66lbs)
Size Category
Medium 
Weight Height Range
Dogs normally measure between 57-64cms at the withers and bitches between 53-60cms. Both sexes weigh between 20-30kgs.  
Ailments
The Vizsla appears to have few problems. Hip dysplasia has been recorded but it is not unduly common.  
Common Ailments
 
Susceptibility To Illness
Low 
Other
History
The exact origin of the Hungarian Vizsla is a bit of a mystery, some say their ancestors existed centuries ago and others say they were developed in the 20th century. There are some prints that date back about 1000 years that show Magyar hunters (early settlers in Hungary) with dogs and falcons. These dogs were very similar to the Vizsla of today. In fact they were often referred to as the ‘Yellow Turkish Hunting Dog’. When the Magyar hunters went to other countries they took their dogs with them, which led to crosses with other breeds thus improving their ability as hunters. This dog remained popular as an all round hunting dog, unfortunately it was almost wiped out by the two World Wars. It is believed that it only exists today because some were smuggled out during this time. Recent selective breeding developed the Hungarian Vizsla as an all round hunter, able to retrieve from both land and water.  
Intelligence
The Vizsla is not an unduly difficult dog to train as long as there is consistency and firmness in the training. They are intelligent and eager to learn and to please. It should be remembered that this dog is sensitive and therefore training should be carried out in a gentle manner.< 
Show Characteristics
The head should be lean and distinguished with the skull being slightly longer than the muzzle. The muzzle should taper and be square at the end. The nose should not be black, it should be brown. The lips should cover the jaws completely without being loose; the jaw should have a complete scissor bite. The eyes should be in a shade of rust to tone in with the coat, of medium size and slightly oval in shape. Their ears should be relatively long and low set, hanging close to the head, with thin skin and be rounded at the tips. The neck should be long, strong, muscular and arched. The chest should be broad and deep and the breastbone prominent. The front legs should be straight and muscular and the back legs should be strong and appear straight when viewed from the back. The feet should be round and tight with well-arched toes, cat like in appearance. Their Their movement should be smooth and graceful allowing them to cover the ground quickly. The tail should be carried horizontally and it is customarily docked by one third. If undocked the tail should be rather low set, moderately thick and slightly curved. It should taper towards the end and reach the hocks. When moving, it should be carried horizontally. The coat should be short, thick, smooth and feel greasy when touched. The preferred colour for the show ring is russet gold with some limited white allowed on the chest and feet. 
Country Of Origin
Hungary 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
High 
Overall Exercise
60 - 80 minutes per day.
The Vizsla requires plenty of exercise and needs to be kept active. They are best suited to the active country dwelling family although they will adapt to an urban lifestyle if given plenty of suitable exercise.  
Distress if Left Alone
High 
Personal Protection
Medium 
Guard Dog Suitability
Medium 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
High 
Tendency to Bark
Low 
Medium 
Level of Aggression
Low 
Compatibility With Other Animals
High 
Suitable For Children

High 

General Character And Temperament
The Vizsla is an intelligent, dual purpose gundog, which gets on well with children, and enjoys being outdoors. They are ideally suited to the active country dwelling family, but may thrive just as happily in more urban areas, as long as owners are able to provide them with the exercise and mental stimulation such bright dogs need. They do have an inbuilt desire to protect their family with whom they are very affectionate and loyal. They should be socialised from an early age. In general the Vizsla likes to stay with the family and will not wander off too far. They do not thrive in a kennel situation. They will happily be both family and working dogs in one.  
Grooming
Coat Length
Short/Smooth 
Grooming Requirement
< Once a week 
Trimming
None 
Requires Professional Groomer
 
Grooming
The coat of the Visla is short and dense making it easy to keep clean after a day out in the field. Any dead or loose hairs can be removed by using a rubber grooming mitt. Coat is greasy to the touch. 
Colour
They are solid coloured dogs, the colour being russet gold. Some may have white on the chest and feet. 
Shedding
Little 
Suffers From Allergies
 
Tendency to Cause Allergies
 

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