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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed Profile

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

General
Other Names
, Cav 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Toy 
Breed Classification
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel belongs to the toy group and is used as a companion and seen in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
< £4 per week
Feeding Requirements
These dogs are relatively easy to feed, not requiring any supplements or special diets. The main thing to remember with the Cavalier is not to overfeed as they do have a tendency to become overweight.  
Other Expenses
The price of a puppy will be around £400 to £500. 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
If healthy, the Cavalier can live 13 to 15 years. 
Average Litter Size
The average size litter is 4 puppies. 
General Physical Description
A small spaniel with a short but definite muzzle large brown eyes and silky fur
Height Min Max
Bitch 30cm (12") 33cm (13")
Dog 30cm (12") 33cm (13")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 5kg (11lbs) 8kg (18lbs)
Dog 5kg (11lbs) 8kg (18lbs)
Size Category
Small 
Weight Height Range
The average height of both dogs and bitches is between 30 to 33 cm and the weight is between 5.5 and 8 kg. 
Ailments
Cavies are prone to heart murmurs, cataracts and subluxating patellas (slipping knee caps.) Cavaliers also have the highest incidence of any breed of Mitral Valve Disease. Pups should only be bred from specimens of the breed who have shown no sign of the disease at the older age of 3 - 5 years - a bit late for some to wait to start breeding, but perhaps necessary in order to eradicate the disease from the breed. 
Common Ailments

fly catching syndrome (hallucinating condition)
hanging tongue (neurological inability to retract tongue)  
Susceptibility To Illness
Medium 
Other
History
In its heyday, this breed was known as a 'comforte dog' and doctors even wrote prescriptions with this little dog as the remedy. The original Cavalier King Charles was developed from the toy spaniels pictured in the work of 16th, 17th and 18th century painters such as Van Dyck, Titian, Stubbs and Gainsborough. These portraits show a small spaniel with a flat head, high set ears, almond shaped eyes and a pointed nose. They were very common as a ladiesí pet and were used to warm laps during cold carriage rides and while waiting about in chilly castles. Another job the dogs had was to attract fleas off their mistresses so that the owner would not get bitten and die of the plague. The royal name, 'King Charles Spaniel' was bestowed during the reign of King Charles II, who was so fond of his spaniels he could not be parted from them. He made a decree that King Charles Spaniels must be allowed in any public place, including the House of Parliament. This decree is still in the law books today 
Intelligence
This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog. Eager to please, it is wonderfully simple to train and can do well in obedience trials. It is a clean dog and will housebreak quickly.< 
Show Characteristics
The breed standard calls for an almost flat skull between the ears and a very shallow stop. The distance between the stop and the tip of the nose should be 1 and Ĺ inches and the nose must be black. The muzzle is tapered but not pointed and the lips should not be pendulous. A scissor or level bite is encouraged, while the undershot jaw of their near relation, the King Charles Spaniel is discouraged. Soulful eyes should be round and dark, widely spaced and not bulging. There should be a slight cushion under the eye, adding to their beguiling look. Well feathered ears should be high set and fairly long. The neck is relatively long for the size of the dog and leads into shoulders that are not too straight. A level back with a short body is desired. The chest should be of moderate depth and the ribs well sprung, while avoiding a barrel shape. Both fore and hind legs should be straight and of medium weight bone. The legs should be parallel so that the compact and well cushioned foot is pointed straight forward. Carried level with the back, the happy Cavy will keep its tail in perpetual motion. Graceful in gait, the dogís cheery and positive disposition should shine through at all times. A long and silky coat is desired with much feathering. 
Country Of Origin
England 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Medium 
Overall Exercise
40 - 60 minutes per day.
They will adapt to whatever amount of exercise you feel able to give but do need some regular exercise or they will put on the pounds. 
Distress if Left Alone
 
Personal Protection
Low 
Guard Dog Suitability
Low 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Low 
Tendency to Bark
Medium 
High 
Level of Aggression
Low 
Compatibility With Other Animals
High 
Suitable For Children

High 

General Character And Temperament
This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog.They are excellent with children and the elderly. They are not excessive barkers but will announce strangers. They are no guard dogs however, as they greet most people warmly. Cavaliers get along with everyone, including cats and other small pets. Being relatively small and easy going, they make good travel companions. 
Grooming
Coat Length
Medium/Long 
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Trimming
None 
Requires Professional Groomer
 
Grooming
Cavaliers should be groomed thoroughly once a week. The nails and the hair between the pads of the feet should be trimmed once a month. This is a shedding dog but good grooming should keep the hair load on your furniture fairly low. Special attention must be given to the ears are they are drop ears and there is very little air circulation. No trimming is necessary and is, indeed, disallowed for the show ring. 
Colour
The colours are black and tan, ruby, red and white (Blenheim) and tricolour (black and white with rich tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, underside of ears and tail). 
Shedding
Little 
Suffers From Allergies
 
Tendency to Cause Allergies
 

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