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Rough Collie Dog Breed Profile

Rough Collie

Other Names
Scottish Collie 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Breed Classification
Rough Collies belong to the pastoral group and are used for sheep-herding, as companions, in obedience and agility trials as well as in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
The breeder will give you a diet sheet for your puppy which should be followed. As adults, Collies are an easy breed to feed as they are not fussy eaters. 
Other Expenses
The average price of a puppy is between £450 to £550. 
9 - 15 years
Rough Collies will live from 12 to 14 years. 
Average Litter Size
Litter sizes can vary from 2 to 8 puppies, but 5 is normal. 
General Physical Description
Rough Collies are dogs of dignity and beauty with sweet, expressive and intelligent looks. They are perfectly balanced and with their abundant coats and elongated, narrow, chiseled heads, they are easily recognisable. Their action is smooth and appears effortless, with great drive coming from their hindlegs.
Height Min Max
Bitch 51cm (20") 56cm (22")
Dog 56cm (22") 61cm (24")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 23kg (51lbs) 30kg (66lbs)
Dog 27kg (60lbs) 34kg (75lbs)
Size Category
Weight Height Range
Bitches measure between 51 to 56cms at the withers and weigh between 23 to 30kgs, whilst dogs measure between 56 to 61cms, weighing between 27 to 34kgs. 
With the Collie's susceptibility to skin complaints, good nutrition and grooming practices are a must. Considering the eye problems of the breed, screening is necessary. Ensure a good routine for dental hygiene is in place as Collies have a greater susceptibly to oral problems than most breeds. 
Common Ailments

Nasal Solar Dermatitis (Collie Nose)
Susceptibility To Illness
It is believed this breed is descended from dogs which accompanied the Roman invaders in 50BC and native Scottish dogs. They probably take their name from a type of black sheep, Colleys, bred in the lowlands of Scotland. In the 1860's Queen Victoria became entranced with these dogs when she visited her Scottish estate at Balmoral and took some back with her to Windsor Castle. Known at that time as the Scottish Sheepdog, the Collie first entered the show-ring at the Birmingham Dog Society Show and was soon highly sought after. By 1878, America followed suit. In the 1940's, the breed shot to even greater fame when a Rough Collie was chosen to star as 'Lassie'. 
Rough Collies learn very quickly and, because of their sensitive natures, should be trained in a positive manner with neither physical abuse or harsh verbal treatment being used.< 
Show Characteristics
The head is of great importance and should appear as a blunt and lean wedge with a slight stop and smooth clean outline. The foreface should be chiseled for the eye set; the eyes being almond-shaped, medium-sized and always black with a sweet expression. The jaws should be strong with a complete scissor bite. The ears should be small and neither too far apart or too close together, brought forward when alert and thrown back when at rest. The neck should be well-arched, muscular and powerful and of a fair length adjoining sloping and well-angulated shoulders. The body should be slightly longer compared to the height, firm with a slight rise over the loins. The forelegs should be straight and muscular with a moderate amount of round bone and the hindlegs, muscular at the thighs with well-bent stifles. The feet should be oval and well-padded with toes arched and close together. The tail should be long reaching at least to hock joint, carried low when quiet but slight upward swirl at the tip; carried gaily when excited but never over the back. 
Country Of Origin
Famous Examples
Lassie, from the much-loved series of films based on Eric Knight's classic novel 'Lassie Come Home' (For interest 'Lassie' was really a 'Laddie' in the films.) 
Records Held
Overall Exercise
60 - 80 minutes per day.
Surprisingly enough, Rough Collies do not demand too much exercise and will easily adapt to family circumstances. However, free-running should be given, allowing them time to play with and retrieve a ball. Care must be taken to stop them putting on too much weight. 
Distress if Left Alone
Personal Protection
Guard Dog Suitability
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Tendency to Bark
Level of Aggression
Compatibility With Other Animals
Suitable For Children


General Character And Temperament
Rough Collies have friendly dispositions with no traces of nervousness or aggression. They are happy dogs who bond very closely with their families and will get on well with other dogs and household pets. Collies are superbly loyal companions for children, always willing to play and to give and accept adoration. They are very protective of their home environment but will warmly receive invited friends. 
Coat Length
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Requires Professional Groomer
With their abundant double coats, Collies need weekly brushing to prevent serious matting. The under coat is soft and furry, sitting close to the skin, while the outer coat is harsh and straight. During moulting, daily brushing is beneficial. Occasional trimming will keep the feathering on the front legs and tail in check. 
These dogs come in shades of sable, tri-colour and blue merle. 
Suffers From Allergies
Tendency to Cause Allergies