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Dachshund (Miniature Wire Haired) Dog Breed Profile

Dachshund (Miniature Wire Haired)

General
Other Names
Dachsie 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Hound 
Breed Classification
Dachshunds belong to the hound group and are used as companions and seen in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
< £4 per week
Feeding Requirements
As this is a small dog, it should be fed two small meals per day of either dry or wet food or a mixture of both. They can be greedy and so it is important not to exceed the needed calories as obesity can lead to serious disabilities in this breed. 
Other Expenses
A Miniature Wire-haired puppy will cost about £450 - £650. Little other expense should be incurred as long as care is taken to ensure they do not damage their elongated backs. 
Average Puppy Price
£300-500 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
This is a long lived breed if it is well cared for and fed properly. 
Average Litter Size
This breed normally has between 3 to 4 puppies, but it is not unheard of for 8 to be born. 
General Physical Description
This is a long backed, short legged dog of dimutive height. While small, the Dachshund is still muscular and powerfully built with a deep, broad chest and well-developed forelegs. The forehead blends into the muzzle creating an elongated look to the skull. The eyes are dark, almond shaped and intelligent looking. The ears are high set and long.
Height Min Max
Bitch 0cm (0") 0cm (0")
Dog 0cm (0") 0cm (0")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 4kg (9lbs) 5kg (11lbs)
Dog 4kg (9lbs) 5kg (11lbs)
Size Category
Small 
Weight Height Range
The Dachshund is measured by chest girth, a miniature Dachshund being between 31 to 35cms. Both dogs and bitches should ideally weigh between 4 to 5kgs. 
Ailments
The most important health consideration with Dachshunds is their spinal problems. Due to the elongated nature of the body, the spine is prone to injury. Disc rupture, often leading to paralysis, is a common problem in Dachshunds. Stairs and jumping on and off furniture must be avoided. Surgical intervention can sometimes help with this ailment but many Dachshunds have to resort to carts to haul their hindlimbs around. Dachshunds can also be prone to skin ailments such as bald patches and lack of skin pigmentation. 
Common Ailments

Acanthosis nigricans - a skin disease which causes a dark, thickened area especially at armpit.
patterned alopecia (baldness)
vitiligo - lack of skin pigmentation  
Susceptibility To Illness
Medium 
Other
History
Dachshunds can be directly traced back to the 15th century in Germany. However, Dachshund type dogs have appeared in ancient Egyptian and Mexican art. Remains of a Dachshund type dog were found with shipwreck remnants in Italy, dating back to the 1st century AD. The German breed standard was set in 1879 and the breed club established in 1888. Dachshunds were exported to Great Britain with Prince Albert and became popular in Britain and America throughout the 19th century. During World War I, the breed lost popularity in these countries, due to its Germanic origins, however, prejudices have been set aside and the dog is again a favourite family pet and hunting companion. Miniature Dachshunds were used to hunt rabbits. 
Intelligence
This breed is intelligent but not particularly easy to train since it has a curious nature and a mind of its own. It can be very difficult to overcome the hunting instinct and train the dog to come when called. Early socialisation is required in order for it to learn to get along with cats and other dogs. Socialisation will also help it overcome its natural wariness with strangers.< 
Show Characteristics
The head should be long and tapered with the forehead showing a slight arch and blending, in an unbroken line to the bridge of the nose. Obliquely set, the eyes should be almond shaped and of a dark colour. The nose and eye rims, as well as the lips should be black. High set, the ears are long and rounded at the tip. The jaws are powerful and the teeth should meet in a scissor bite. A slightly arched neck meets muscular forequarters, beginning with a long broad shoulder bone. The humerus should be of equal length to the shoulder and set at a right angle. A short forearm appears straight in profile but angles in slightly at the front. Needed for going to ground, the feet are a good size, very well-padded and with strong nails. A muscular body should have a level back and a deep broad chest with a prominent breastbone. The hindquarters show a broad knee joint, a prominent hock and broad achilles tendon. The coat should be short, harsh and straight with a dense undercoat. The hair should be longer on the chin and eyebrows. The hair on the ears should be smooth and short. All colours are allowed in the show ring. A limited amount of white is allowed on the chest, but it is not desirable. 
Country Of Origin
Germany 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Medium 
Overall Exercise
20 - 40 minutes per day.
This dog was bred for hunting, so although it has short legs, it does need to get out for a good walk at least once a day, preferably twice a day. It is probably best to keep the dog on a lead as its hunting instincts can drive it to run off in pursuit and the dog may not respond readily to a recall command. Dachshunds can live happily in a flat or house. In a home with stairs, Dachshunds should be discouraged from frequent travels up and down stairs as this will harm their elongated spines. If living in a place with a garden it must be very well fenced due to the above mentioned hunting instincts. Bear in mind that dachshunds were bred to 'go to ground' and can dig under many types of fencing. 
Distress if Left Alone
 
Personal Protection
Low 
Guard Dog Suitability
Medium 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Low 
Tendency to Bark
High 
Medium 
Level of Aggression
Medium 
Compatibility With Other Animals
Low 
Suitable For Children

Low 

General Character And Temperament
This is an intelligent dog but it has a mind of its own. Therefore, it is not that easily trained. It is recommended that firm, consistent training techniques be used to overcome the dog's natural tendency to dominate, while not incurring a sense of injustice. Unfairly treated, a dachshund will sulk at length. Early socialisation is required in order to acclimate dachshunds to children, strangers and other animals. They are a breed that becomes quite attached to their family and usually one family member in particular, however, they will be less friendly with strangers.  
Grooming
Coat Length
Short/Medium 
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Trimming
 
Requires Professional Groomer
True 
Grooming
Wire haired Dachshunds need their coats plucked two to three times a year. The facial furnishing should be combed out at least once a week and will need the occasional trimming. It is best to let an experienced groomer pluck the coat unless the breeder can teach a new owner how to do it. Make sure the coat is plucked/stripped and not clipped. Clipping will ruin the texture of the coat. 
Colour
Most Dachshunds are black with tan markings or a solid reddish-brown colour. However, they can appear as reds, dappled, with tiger markings, or brindle. Some may have a limited amount of white on the chest. 
Shedding
Moderate 
Suffers From Allergies
 
Tendency to Cause Allergies
 

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