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Akita Dog Breed Profile

Akita

General
Other Names
 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Utility 
Breed Classification
Akitas belong to the utility group and are today used as companions and guard dogs and seen in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£7.50-10 per week
Feeding Requirements
Akitas are not fussy eaters and in relation to their size do not eat a vast amount. 
Other Expenses
The average price of a puppy is £600 - £800. 
Average Puppy Price
£500-800 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Akitas can be long-living dogs, 15 years of age being quite common. However, there are certain lines which will not live beyond 10 years of age. 
Average Litter Size
Litters can consists of 3 to 12 puppies, but the average is 7 or 8. 
General Physical Description
Akitas are large, powerful dogs with much substance and dignity. Their proud head carriage and stance is enhanced by their small ears and dark eyes. They make a striking picture with their thick, plush coats, the colours of which are brilliant and clear. Their well-muscled limbs ensures that their movement is vigorous and resilient.
Height Min Max
Bitch 61cm (24") 66cm (26")
Dog 66cm (26") 71cm (28")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 34kg (75lbs) 50kg (110lbs)
Dog 34kg (75lbs) 50kg (110lbs)
Size Category
Large 
Weight Height Range
Bitches can measure between 61 to 66cms and dogs between 66 to 71cms. Both dogs and bitches weigh in between 34 to 50kgs. 
Ailments
Akitas are generally healthy dogs but hip dysplasia is a known problem and screening of the parents before breeding is a must. Nervous and auto-immune diseases are common and should be enquired about before purchase. Dwarfism is also known in the breed along with entropion, a problem relating to ingrowing eyelashes. However, this could be because of the breed's relatively small eye size and it has been known for puppies with this condition to grow out of it. 
Common Ailments
 
Susceptibility To Illness
Low 
Other
History
The Akita is the largest of all the Japanese breeds and was originally bred in the province of Akita in the 1600's. Some believe the dogs were originally bred for hunting such prey as wild boar, deer and black bear, others believe they were bred for pit fighting. However, when the Japanese (and European) dog-fighting sport lost favour, the dogs were then employed for hunting. In the late 19th century other breeds such as the German Shepherd Dog and the Pointer were imported, making the Japanese breeds suffer in popularity. The Society for Preservation of Japanese Dogs was then formed for the purpose of preserving the native breeds. This Society then declared that all native breeds were national monuments. After World War 1, Akitas were protected because they were becoming so scarce and The Akita Inu Hozankai Society of Japan was founded in 1927 to preserve the breed. In the 1930's, the Akita was so rare that only the very wealthy could afford to buy one, if indeed one could be found! I 
Intelligence
This is a bossy but intelligent breed and, therefore, needs to be controlled. Having said that, however, they do react badly to harsh methods of training. Never hit or punish an Akita. They need firm, loving discipline. Consistency in approach and positive reinforcement is the key to success, as is starting training from a very early age.< 
Show Characteristics
The head should be long and flat with a defined stop and broad forehead. Jaws should be strong with a complete scissor bite. The eyes are relatively small, almond-shaped and dark brown in colour. The ears, again are small, thick and triangular carried forward over the eyes, firmly erect and slightly rounded at the tips. The neck should be thick and muscular and relatively short with a pronounced crest blending into the back of the skull. The shoulders are strong and powerful with very tight elbows. The forelegs should be well-boned and straight and the hindquarters strong and muscular with well-developed thighs. The feet should be thick, well-knuckled and very tight. Dewclaws on hindlegs should be removed. The tail is large and full, set high and carried over the back in a three-quarter, full or double curl and should dip down to or below the level of the back. 
Country Of Origin
Japan 
Famous Examples
A famous statue stands in Shibuya Station in Tokyo of 'Chuken Hachi-ko' (Loyal Dog Hachi) who greeted his master daily at the station on his return from work. The dog continued to go to the station daily for 10 years after his master died. 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Medium 
Overall Exercise
> 2 hours per day.
Akitas require a lot of exercise to keep them well-muscled. That said, if you do have to miss a walk one day, they will accept it without a fuss. Do remember these are hunting dogs and great care should be taken when allowing them to run freely. 
Distress if Left Alone
Low 
Personal Protection
High 
Guard Dog Suitability
High 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
High 
Tendency to Bark
Low 
Medium 
Level of Aggression
High 
Compatibility With Other Animals
Low 
Suitable For Children

Low 

General Character And Temperament
This breed is not for a novice dog owner. These are independent and rather dominant dogs and care must be taken when strange children and other dogs are about, although they are more amenable with cats. Bitches are better with children than dogs. They are, however, very loyal to their own family. They are courageous and as such, good watchdogs without barking too much. Their hunting instincts are strong and this must be remembered at all times. 
Grooming
Coat Length
Short/Medium 
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Trimming
 
Requires Professional Groomer
 
Grooming
The coat should be kept well groomed to bring out the best in it and twice a year, during heavy moults, a metal, double-toothed comb should be used. 
Colour
Akitas come in any colour including white, brindle or pinto. 
Shedding
Heavy 
Suffers From Allergies
 
Tendency to Cause Allergies
 

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