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Rabbit - English Lop Breed Profile

Rabbit - English Lop

General
Other Names
 
Lifespan
On average the English Lop rabbit can live to 5 years or more. 
Breeding
The ideal age for the female English Lop rabbit to start breeding is 9 months of age. The first litter must be born before the female is one year old. The reason for this is that after this age the pelvic bones fuse and she would not be able to give birth naturally. They should have no more litters after the age of three years. 
Average Litter Size
The English Lop rabbit can produce large litters, usually between 5-12. 
Gestation Period
The gestation period is between 28-31 days. On average they give birth at 30-32 days. 
General Physical Description
This breed is the original Lop. These rabbits are longer and of a more slender build than their other Lop cousins and their ears are incredibly long: as much as 70cms. The measurement is taken from the tip of one ear to the tip of the other. They have the largest ears of any rabbits. Their heads are broad and set well into their shoulders. Their eyes are large and bright. 
Size
They weigh between 5 – 5.5kgs. 
This rabbit is not very active so it can be prone to becoming overweight so care must be taken with feeding.The mainstay of a rabbit’s diet should be large unlimited amounts of fresh hay, fresh fruit and vegetables, a well-balanced dry rabbit mix and plenty of clean water. Rabbits have quite delicate stomachs so when feeding fresh fruits and vegetables make sure they are added to the diet one vegetable at a time and eliminate specific varieties if they cause diarrhoea. An earthenware bowl is the best type of feeding dish to use, as they are harder to knock over than the plastic ones, also they not chewable. A water bottle fixed to the outside of the cage, with the water tube going into the cage, ensures a fresh water supply is available. 
The English Lop needs a relatively large hutch so it has room to move about without standing on its ears. For an outdoor rabbit the ideal home is a wooden hutch made of a heavy wood with a waterproof roof, and raised off the ground. If the rabbit is going to live indoors then a wooden hutch can also be used or a cage. The cage would have a plastic or wire base with a wire lid fixed to the base. All rabbits must have an adequate exercise area, whether it is an outside run or an enclosed area in the house. Wood shavings should be used for the floor of the hutch or cage. Fine sawdust can cause eye irritations so this should be avoided. Bedding material should be provided especially in cold and wet weather for the outdoor rabbit. The best thing to use is straw on top of a layer of the wood shavings in the sleeping compartment. The rabbit home should be cleaned out weekly and any old food removed. If it is necessary to wash the home then only use a cleaner specifically designed for cleaning rabbit hutches. An earthenware food bowl and a drinking bottle will also be required to feed and water the rabbit. 
Characteristics
Suitability For Children
The English Lop rabbit is not suitable for children mainly due to their large size. They are friendly but not ideal for the novice owner.< 
Character & Temperament
The English Lop rabbit is an amiable rabbit. 
Sleeping Habits
Rabbits are most active in the morning and at night; they generally sleep during the day.  
Toys & Exercise
This rabbit is fairly inactive so it does not need a lot of exercise. It can be awkward for it to climb and jump because of its long ears. Several large card board boxes can be put together with large holes in them so the rabbit can go from box to box, just like being in a warren. 
Grooming
Types of Coat
Shorthaired 
Colour
The English Lop is bred in a limited variety of colours: sooty fawn, black, fawn and marked varieties of these colours. 
Other
Intelligence
Rabbits can become trained to learn their name. They are more intelligent than guinea pigs and hamsters. They can even be litter trained. 
Show Characteristics
 
Country of Origin
England 

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