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Rabbit - Dwarf Lop Breed Profile

Rabbit - Dwarf Lop

General
Other Names
 
Lifespan
On average the Dwarf Lop rabbit can live to 5 years or more. 
Breeding
The ideal age for the female Dwarf Lop rabbit to start breeding is between 5 to 6 months of age. The first litter must be born before the female is one year old. The reason for this is that after this age the pelvic bones fuse and she would not be able to give birth naturally. They should have no more litters after the age of three years. 
Average Litter Size
The Dwarf Lop rabbit has on average litters between 3-5, they have been known to produce up to 9. 
Gestation Period
The gestation period is between 28-31 days. On average they give birth at 30-32 days. 
General Physical Description
The Dwarf Lop rabbit is a small, compact rabbit. The ears are long, floppy and delicate. 
Size
The Dwarf Lop rabbit can weigh up to 2.4kgs. Many are small and weigh less than this.  
The mainstay of a rabbit’s diet should be large unlimited amounts of fresh hay, fresh fruit and vegetables, a well-balanced dry rabbit mix and plenty of clean water. Rabbits have quite delicate stomachs so when feeding fresh fruits and vegetables make sure they are added to the diet one vegetable at a time and eliminate specific varieties if they cause diarrhoea. An earthenware bowl is the best type of feeding dish to use, as they are harder to knock over than the plastic ones, also they not chewable. A water bottle fixed to the outside of the cage, with the water tube going into the cage, ensures a fresh water supply is available. 
For an outdoor rabbit the ideal home is a wooden hutch made of a heavy wood with a waterproof roof, and raised off the ground. If the rabbit is going to live indoors then a wooden hutch can also be used or a cage. The cage would have a plastic or wire base with a wire lid fixed to the base. All rabbits must have an adequate exercise area, whether it is an outside run or an enclosed area in the house. Wood shavings should be used for the floor of the hutch or cage. Fine sawdust can cause eye irritations so this should be avoided. Bedding material should be provided especially in cold and wet weather for the outdoor rabbit. The best thing to use is straw on top of a layer of the wood shavings in the sleeping compartment. The rabbit home should be cleaned out weekly and any old food removed. If it is necessary to wash the home then only use a cleaner specifically designed for cleaning rabbit hutches. An earthenware food bowl and a drinking bottle will also be required to feed and water the rabbit. 
Characteristics
Suitability For Children
The Dwarf Lop rabbit is suitable for both children and adults. They are best suited for children over 10 years of age, for younger children an adult should supervise the care and handling of the rabbit. The Harlequin is generally good natured and quiet to handle, they make good pets. They are ideal as a first rabbit, for the novice owner.< 
Character & Temperament
The Dwarf Lop rabbit is a good natured rabbit, they make very good pets. 
Sleeping Habits
Rabbits are most active in the morning and at night; they generally sleep during the day.  
Toys & Exercise
Rabbits need things to climb on, crawl through, dig and chew. It is possible to provide plenty to entertain this rabbit with using household items, such as toilet roll tubes and boxes. Several boxes can be put together with holes in them so the rabbit can go from box to box, just like being in a warren. Ramps can also be put against the boxes so the rabbit can climb up; they like to have a lookout post. 
Grooming
Types of Coat
Short haired. The hair should be soft and dense. 
Colour
The Dwarf Lop rabbit comes in a wide variety of colours. The colours are black, white, blue, agouti, chinchilla, sable, seal point and fawn. 
Other
Intelligence
Rabbits can become trained to learn their name. They are more intelligent than guinea pigs and hamsters. They can even be trained to go to the toilet in one specific area, which makes cleaning up after them much easier. 
Show Characteristics
The dwarf lop should be small and compact with long floppy ears. The can be shown in a variety of colours; white, black, blue, Siamese, sable, seal point and fawn. They may have darker markings over the shoulder area, no white should be seen on the back or the side of the coloured dwarf lop. 
Country of Origin
Holland 

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