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Deerhound Dog Breed Profile

Deerhound

General
Other Names
Scottish Deerhound 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Hound 
Breed Classification
The Deerhound is a member of the hound group. They were originally bred for hunting deer; today they are companions. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
Diet should be monitored as this dog grows rapidly as a puppy. The breeder will be able to advise on the correct diet in the correct amounts. It is recommended that the adult dog is feed twice daily, rather than one large meal once a day. They also need an adequate diet as they have high activity levels.  
Other Expenses
The average puppy price ranges from £650 to £800. 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
On average the Deerhound lives to between 10 and 13 years. 
Average Litter Size
The Deerhound generally has large litters, 8 being the average, although litters of 17 are not unheard of. 
General Physical Description
These large sized, shaggy coated sighthounds have a very athletic appearance. They are often described as resembling a shaggy coated greyhound.

Height Min Max
Bitch 71cm (28") 76cm (30")
Dog 76cm (30") 82cm (32")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 36.5kg (80lbs) 45.5kg (100lbs)
Dog 45.5kg (100lbs) 55kg (121lbs)
Size Category
Large 
Weight Height Range
Dogs should measure over 76cms at the withers and ideally weigh about 45.5kgs. Bitches should ideally measure over 71cms at the withers and weigh about 36.5kgs.  
Ailments
In general the Deerhound is a relatively healthy dog with bloat being one of the main causes of death. It is important that as puppies they are fed the correct diet to ensure the bones and joints form properly thus preventing any future problems. Breeders are now screening their stock for liver shunt problems, so it is advisable to purchase a puppy from screened stock.  
Common Ailments
 
Susceptibility To Illness
Low 
Other
History
Shaggy haired hounds have been known to exist in Scotland since before the 16th century. It is thought that short-coated hounds were introduced to Britain before the Roman invasion. When these hunting dogs were used in the Scottish Highlands they were at a disadvantage because of their short coats. These hounds were then probably crossed with native hairy-coated dogs to get the Deerhound. They were used, in packs, by the Scottish Chieftans to hunt deer and had to be strong enough to pull a stag to the ground. When guns were introduced and the forests began to be cut down in the early 1700s these dogs were no longer needed. Some were still kept but they did not become popular again until the 1830s. They have not changed in appearance very much over the centuries and are still relatively few in number today.  
Intelligence
The Deerhound is an intelligent dog that will learn quickly what is wanted and expected of it. They are obedient and eager to please and will acknowledge gentle and calm commands. < 
Show Characteristics
The Deerhound should have a long head, broad at the ears and tapering to the eyes, the muzzle tapers to the nose. The jaws should be strong and have a complete scissor bite. The eyes should be full and dark in colour with a soft look. The ears should be high set, small in size, folded back and semi erect. The neck should be very strong and quite long. The chest should be deep but not too narrow. The front legs should straight, broad and flat, the back legs should be broad, long and powerful. The feet should be firm and well knuckled. The tail should be long, slightly curved and be well covered with hair. It should almost reach the ground but should never be carried above the back. The coat should be shaggy but never woolly. The hair on the head, chest and stomach should be much softer than the hair on the body, neck and legs. The colours desired are self-colours in dark blue/grey, dark or light grey, brindle and yellow, sandy/red or red/fawn. Some white is allowed on the chest and toes, the less white the better.  
Country Of Origin
Scotland 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Medium 
Overall Exercise
40 - 60 minutes per day.
As puppies the Deerhound should be restricted in its activities. They do require lots of exercise and need to be fed an adequate diet as a result. They love to run free and several short walks each day are not enough for this athletic hound. 
Distress if Left Alone
Medium 
Personal Protection
Low 
Guard Dog Suitability
Low 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Medium 
Tendency to Bark
Low 
Low 
Level of Aggression
Low 
Compatibility With Other Animals
Medium 
Suitable For Children

High 

General Character And Temperament
The Deerhound is a gentle, intelligent, friendly dog. They get on well with children but do not make particularly good guard dogs; they are not known to bark a lot. Most Deerhounds still have a very strong instinct to hunt so early introduction to other household pets, especially cats, is necessary.  
Grooming
Coat Length
Short/Medium 
Grooming Requirement
> Once a week 
Trimming
None 
Requires Professional Groomer
 
Grooming
They do need regular grooming at least once a week. The coat may need to be hand plucked once or twice a year depending on its condition.  
Colour
They came in a variety of colours, more commonly seen in self-colours such as dark blue/grey, dark or light grey, brindle and yellow, sandy/red or red/fawn, some may have limited white. 
Shedding
Little 
Suffers From Allergies
 

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