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Bulldog Dog Breed Profile

Bulldog

General
Other Names
Bulldog 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Utility 
Breed Classification
Bulldogs belong to the utility group and are used as companions and seen in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
You must be very careful to avoid overfeeding with this breed. Also, many dogs have skin problems and may need to be on special diets or take supplements. Feeding costs will be around £4 to £5 per week. 
Other Expenses
The average price of a puppy is between £1000 to £1500.  
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Bulldogs have a life expectancy of around 8 years, although some will live longer. 
Average Litter Size
Whilst larger litters have been known, the average size is 4 or 5 puppies. 
General Physical Description
The overall look of the dog should be powerful and vigorous with a short sturdy x28not stoutx29 body and a peculiar rolling gait One of the distinctive elements of the Bulldog is its loose skin especially at the head neck and shoulders Another distinctive feature is the massive skull The Bulldog sort of shuffles along in a loosejointed manner with some sidewise motion but he should still be able to move freely and with vitality
Height Min Max
Bitch 31cm (12") 36cm (14")
Dog 31cm (12") 36cm (14")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 23kg (51lbs) 25kg (55lbs)
Dog 23kg (51lbs) 25kg (55lbs)
Size Category
Medium 
Weight Height Range
The present day Bulldog stands at between 31-36cms at the withers and weighs between 23-25kgs. 
Ailments
Due to all these physical eccentricities, the Bulldog is beset by a bevy of health problems. Elbow and patellar dysplasia are not uncommon and all breeding dogs should be screened for these two diseases. Hip dysplasia can occur but it is difficult to screen for and score accurately in Bulldogs due to their unique anatomy. Due to the massive head and relatively narrow hips the Bulldog usually delivers by caesarian section. Another breeding problem plaguing Bulldog breeders is the male dog’s frequent inability to mate. As a result, many litters are conceived via artificial insemination. Mange is a further problem that seems to attack Bulldogs. Also worth mentioning is the fact that Bulldogs are not tolerant of heat. 
Common Ailments

Heat intolerance, anascara, inability to mount in mating, uterine inertia
Pulmonic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, inherited metabolic liver defect, deafness  
Susceptibility To Illness
High 
Other
History
Bulldogs come form the ancient breed of Bullenbeissers a mastiff-like dog used for guarding and attacking wild animals in Assyria, Greece, Egypt and Rome. The Bullenbeisser, which came in various sizes, was also certainly used by Teutonic and Celtic tribes. In England, the originally huge Bullenbeisser was bred to be a smaller dog and during the reign of King John (13th century) began its career as a bull baiter. Over the years, an ideal dog for bull baiting was created. First of all, the dog was bred for tenacity, i.e. once latched on, it wouldn’t let go. Secondly, the dog was bred to be impervious to pain. In addition, the Bulldog’s weight is primarily in the head so that when the bull shook, the dog was less likely to have its back broken. Thankfully, baiting and dog fighting were outlawed in England in 1835. From that day, Bulldog owners began selective breeding to eliminate the more aggressive elements of the breed and establish a good natured, yet still determined family pet. 
Intelligence
Although stubborn and not terribly easy to train, the breed is intelligent, devoted and a bit of a clown. To train the Bulldog use consistency and firmness but beware that this dog is very sensitive to the voice. It will not take kindly to being screamed at and will probably choose to end the training session and curl up on the sofa to studiously ignore you.< 
Show Characteristics
The circumference of the skull should be equal to the height at the withers. In profile the skull should appear high from the jaw to the top of the head and short in width. The forehead should be flat with the cheeks protruding sideways. The stop is well defined, creating a groove between the eyes to the top of the head, effectively dividing the skull down the middle. Set low in the skull, the eyes should be as far from the ears as possible, with the corner of the eye at right angles to the stop. The eyes should be set in the front of the head and be as wide apart as possible so long as they are within the outline of the cheeks. Very round and dark, the eyes should not be sunken or bulging. The Bulldog standard calls for a rose ear. The ears should be set high on the head, as far from the eyes as possible. Pricked ears are also a fault. The standard calls for the distance between the nose tip and the stop to be as short as possible. The nose should be quite large and wide and of a black pigment. Nostrils must be wide with a defined line between them. The jaw itself should be massive. The small incisor teeth should just be visible when the jaw is at rest. A short, thick neck leads into very muscular shoulders, which are set quite wide f 
Country Of Origin
England 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Low 
Overall Exercise
20 - 40 minutes per day.
Bulldogs should never be exercised in the heat of the day. Two relatively short walks at a steady but not terribly brisk pace should be adequate. 
Distress if Left Alone
 
Personal Protection
Medium 
Guard Dog Suitability
High 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Low 
Tendency to Bark
Low 
Low 
Level of Aggression
Medium 
Compatibility With Other Animals
Medium 
Suitable For Children

Medium 

General Character And Temperament
Reportedly, the temperament of the Bulldog is unmatchable. This is a family dog that loves children and will even learn to get along with other pets if introduced to them at an early age. The Bulldog is a bit too friendly to be a good guard dog but would defend a family member in need. They can be peaceful, pensive, goofy and have a well developed sense of humour. 
Grooming
Coat Length
Short/Smooth 
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Trimming
None 
Requires Professional Groomer
 
Grooming
The coat should be groomed with a rubber grooming mitt to remove loose and dead hairs and the folds may need cleaning with a special lotion. If the breed has a recessed screw tail, care should be taken to keep the tail base from becoming moist as this will lead to bacterial infections. Another grooming measure that must be taken is the cleaning of tearstains. The wrinkles should be cleaned regularly. 
Colour
The bulldog can be brindle, shades of red, fawn or white with any of the aforementioned colours. 
Shedding
Moderate 
Suffers From Allergies
 

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