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Dogue de Bordeaux Dog Breed Profile

Dogue de Bordeaux

Other Names
French Mastiff, Bordeaux 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Breed Classification
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a member of the working group. They were originally used as guard dogs and for hunting game, today it is used as a watchdog and family pet. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£7.50-10 per week
Feeding Requirements
On average they cost about 10 per week to feed adequately. 
Other Expenses
The price of a puppy can vary considerably due to their rarity. On average, expect to pay between £800 to £1250. 
9 - 15 years
They live, on average, to 10 years. 
Average Litter Size
Litter sizes are quite large with 9 or 10 puppies being the norm. 
General Physical Description
This dog has a large, broad, round head with lots of wrinkles. They have a strong muscular neck and body with a deep broad chest. The coat is short and quite soft to the touch.
Height Min Max
Bitch 58cm (23") 66cm (26")
Dog 60cm (24") 70cm (28")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 45kg (99lbs) 50kg (110lbs)
Dog 50kg (110lbs) 68kg (150lbs)
Size Category
Weight Height Range
Dogs measure 60-70cms at the withers and weigh between 50-68.2kgs, the average being nearer the heavier end. Bitches measure 58-66cms at the withers and weigh between 45-50kgs, again being nearer the heavier end on average. 
Being big, heavy dogs, hip dysplasia is known in the breed and is screened for. 
Common Ailments

Other cancers  
Susceptibility To Illness
The Dogue de Bordeaux is an ancient breed of France, thought to be a direct descendent of the Molossus of Rome. They were used on the French estates in the 12th century as hunters. They hunted pigs, boar, wolves and bears. During the middle ages they were used to drive cattle. They were even used in wars and to guard the flocks. Also they have been known to be used for sports such as animal baiting and dog fighting. The breed declined in its popularity during the 20th century but today seems to rising in its numbers. 
These dogs need to be trained in a consistent and calm manner. They are quite intelligent, love to please and can become very attached to their owner.< 
Show Characteristics
The Kennel Club has set an interim standard, which has been adapted from the original French standard 
Country Of Origin
Famous Examples
Hooch from the film starring Tom Hanks, called 'Turner and Hooch'. 
Records Held
Overall Exercise
60 - 80 minutes per day.
They do not require as much exercise as may be expected. Several walks throughout the day should be sufficient, allowing short periods for free running and playing. It has to be remembered that even when this dog is 6 months old, and is relatively large, it is still a puppy. Too much exercise too young can lead to bone and joint related health problems in later life. 
Distress if Left Alone
Personal Protection
Guard Dog Suitability
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Tendency to Bark
Level of Aggression
Compatibility With Other Animals
Suitable For Children


General Character And Temperament
The Bordeaux is a dog that bonds closely with its family. They are not suited to homes where they will be left alone for long periods of time, as they associate this separation as a punishment. They will protect their family and territory if threatened. They are very good with children and will will accept other household pets if introduced to them when young. 
Coat Length
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Requires Professional Groomer
Grooming is relatively easy. A rubber grooming mitt over the short coat once a week, to remove any loose or dead hair is all that is needed. The skin folds on the face should be cleaned regularly to stop any skin infections from starting. 
The can be mahogany, golden, fawn or red/brown, some may have limited white markings. 
Suffers From Allergies

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