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Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Profile

Yorkshire Terrier

General
Other Names
 
Dog Group Kennel Club
Toy 
Breed Classification
Yorkshire Terriers belong to the toy group and are today used as companions and make a spectacular sight in the show-ring. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
< £4 per week
Feeding Requirements
The Yorkie can subsist on very little food. It is very easy to overfeed a Yorkshire Terrier. Obesity is a serious state for the small dog and can lead to several nasty diseases, such as diabetes, joint problems, kidney failure, etcetera. 
Other Expenses
After the initial purchase of a puppy, from £400 upwards, veterinary costs can be quite high. If a professional groomer is required this will also add to the cost. Annual veterinary check ups are recommended. 
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
As with many small dogs, the Yorkie can be long lived, often reaching the teens. 
Average Litter Size
Litter sizes are normally between 3 to 5 puppies. 
General Physical Description
A small sturdy dog of blue and gold colouring the Yorkie is best known for its full flowing tresses of a texture quite similar to human hair Indeed if the coat texture is correct and in not in any way cottony many allergic people find they can tolerate Yorkies with no bother These lovely locks do take a great deal of daily care though

Height Min Max
Bitch 18cm (7") 20cm (8")
Dog 18cm (7") 20cm (8")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 2kg (4lbs) 3kg (7lbs)
Dog 2kg (4lbs) 3kg (7lbs)
Size Category
Tiny 
Weight Height Range
The Yorkshire Terrier is a toy dog, weighing in at between 2 - 3 kg and stands no taller than 20.5 cm. 
Ailments
As mentioned earlier, Yorkies tend to develop bad teeth due to their tiny, overcrowded mouths. In addition, make sure that any retained deciduous (milk) teeth are removed by the vet if they do not fall out on their own by the time the dog is 7 - 8 months  
Common Ailments
 
Susceptibility To Illness
High 
Other
History
British born and bred, the Yorkshire Terrier is a man-made dog of fairly recent origin. It is believed that Scottish weavers brought a small terrier with them during a period of immigration from Scotland to Yorkshire and Lancanshire during the 1850s. These ‘Scotch Terriers,’ sometimes also known as ‘Halifax Terriers’ interbred with local small terriers. It is believed that Yorkies have in their lineage the Manchester Terrier, the Maltese, the Skye, Dandie Dinmont and the Paisley terriers. Shown as the Scotch Terrier in 1861, the dog later became known as the Yorkshire Terrier and was recognized as such by the Kennel Club in 1886. It is during that decade that the Yorkie was transported to the United States and was established as a breed over there as well. Thus the Yorkie is considered a breed of ‘the working classes’ and was primarily known as a ratter. Popular belief states that the Yorkie was bred to guard small children from rat bites at night, one Yorkie on guard at the head of the bed and one at the foot, rather like furry guardian angels, though somewhat less benign. 
Intelligence
Puppy play sessions are probably a good idea for any Yorkie as they will teach the dog to respect the size and strength of larger dogs, socialise them with children and humans of both sexes and generally instill good manners. You must be firm and consistent, even with these tiny dogs. People often complain that you cannot housetrain Yorkies. This is not true. As long as you stick to the same rules that you would apply to a large dog, a Yorkie will learn to eliminate according to a human’s preferences.< 
Show Characteristics
Physically, the Yorkie should stand on solid, straight legs, golden tan in colour and sport a perfectly flat ‘top line'. The back should be a steel blue colour and the hair should be parted down the middle of the spine, falling gloriously to the ground on either side of the parting. Nowadays, the tail can be docked or undocked, but if docked should not be too short. Steel blue and fully coated, the tail can get a bit messy if the poor dog has the squirts. The feet should be round with short, black nails. A proudly held head should have prick (erect) ears, tan in colour and trimmed closely at the tips. The head and fall (long coat coming off the head and muzzle) should be golden in colour. A topknot, held up with a ribbon or elastic band, keeps the hair out of the eyes. A Yorkie muzzle should not be long in the traditional terrier sense but not short enough to make the animal appear pug nosed. Healthy eyes should be round, black and full of brightness and intelligence. The golden colour in the coat will be darker at the roots but should not be ticked with black or blue. A common fault is a ‘skunk’ mark through the dog’s topknot to its stop (where the muzzle and forehead meet.) Neither should the blue section of the coat be ticked with b 
Country Of Origin
England 
Famous Examples
 
Records Held
 
Characteristics
Energy
Medium 
Overall Exercise
20 - 40 minutes per day.
To keep your Yorkie healthy and fit, daily exercise is a must. Yorkies love walking and will trot on for miles if allowed. A short walk will please a Yorkie so long as he gets a good sniff around and some mental stimulation. Do remember that Yorkies aren’t just lap dogs though and do like to run, fetch and play like any dog. 
Distress if Left Alone
 
Personal Protection
Medium 
Guard Dog Suitability
Medium 
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Low 
Tendency to Bark
High 
High 
Level of Aggression
Medium 
Compatibility With Other Animals
Medium 
Suitable For Children

Low 

General Character And Temperament
The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog with a big attitude. This is a dog that will one minute happily snuggle on grandma’s knee, delicately eating digestives and the next minute leap through the air and tear after the neighbour’s Rottweiler, promising to show it who is boss. Yorkies are terriers after all, and will protect their territory valiantly. The Yorkie is an affectionate dog but not naturally good with children. If a Yorkie is brought up with children or exposed to them as a puppy, it should be fine. However, children need to understand that the Yorkie has small bones that break much easier than most toys. Supervision is highly recommended. 
Grooming
Coat Length
Medium/Long 
Grooming Requirement
Every Day 
Trimming
 
Requires Professional Groomer
True 
Grooming
As a pet, the coat needs to be brushed daily using a brush and comb to ensure all tangles are removed. The topknot especially should be taken down, brushed out and redone. Leaving an elastic band in for days will destroy the coat. Hair under and around the tail should be checked for faeces. The teeth should also be brushed daily, as the small mouth leads to overcrowding and a tendency to teeth decay. Once mastered, the daily grooming should take no longer than 15 minutes. Bathing should not be done more than once a month. 
Colour
The typical colouring of the Yorkshire Terrier is blue and gold. The blue is a steel blue, often lightening to grey with age. The gold should be a rich tan. 
Shedding
None 
Suffers From Allergies
 

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