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Affenpinscher Dog Breed Profile


Other Names
Dog Group Kennel Club
Breed Classification
The Affenpinscher was originally used to hunt vermin, today they are companions. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
< £4 per week
Feeding Requirements
The Affen is an undemanding dog to feed with no special dietary requirements. They generally have a good appetite although occasionally they may become fussy eaters. There is a tendency to overeat and become overweight if a careful watch is not kept on their food consumption.  
Other Expenses
Feeding costs for the Affenpinscher are low. Veterinary costs can be high because of potential bone and eye problems. Puppies can cost from £450 to £600. 
> 15 years
Affenpinschers normally live up to around 12 years. 
Average Litter Size
The average number of pups in a litter is 2. 
General Physical Description
The Affen is a small, compact terrier-type dog with bushy eyebrows and a mischievous monkey like expression. The coat is rough and of uneven length over the body adding to their somewhat comical appearance. They have a lively, strutting movement.

Height Min Max
Bitch 24cm (9") 28cm (11")
Dog 24cm (9") 28cm (11")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 3kg (7lbs) 4kg (9lbs)
Dog 3kg (7lbs) 4kg (9lbs)
Size Category
Weight Height Range
The Affenpinscher male or female, should measure between 24 and 28 cm at the withers and weigh between 3 and 4 kg. 
The Affenpinscher has a few breed specific disorders but buying a puppy from healthy stock will reduce the possibility of it having inherited problems. They are active, bold dogs but due to their small size, broken bones are a potential problem. Supervised exercise and a safe environment will help prevent this problem occurring. 
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
The Affenpinscher is one of the oldest breeds, known to have been in existence in the 17th century and similar dogs appear in paintings of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In Germany where it originated, the word 'affen' means to mock and 'pinscher' means terrier. The Affen was the first of the monkey-faced dogs and he is the ancestor of two other breeds, the Griffon Belge and the Griffon Bruxellosis, who also have the monkey face. Affen blood was also involved in the development of the Miniature Schnauzer. The Affenpischer is believed to have once existed in two sizes, the smaller survives today as the toy terrier but the larger one has become extinct. Although Affens show all the spunk of terriers, they are too small to be working dogs and are kept chiefly as companions. 
Affens are intelligent dogs who are very self-confident. They are amenable to training but this needs to start early as they can be strong-willed and some of their terrier characteristics can prove a nuisance if not adequately checked.< 
Show Characteristics
The Affenpinscher should have a head that is fairly small in proportion to the body with a domed forehead, broad brow and marked stop. The jaw is slightly undershot, the teeth or tongue should not showing when the mouth is closed. The eyes should be round, black and sparkling, and the ears small, set high and upright although a neat drop-ear is allowed. The neck should be short and straight and the body should be the same giving a sturdy appearance. The forelegs are straight and hindlegs well set under the body. The feet should be small, round and compact. The tail should be set high and curve gently over the back when moving. The coat is rough and harsh in texture, short and dense on some parts of the body, shaggy on others. It should be longer on the shoulders, neck and head. Black is the preferred colour with some grey shading allowed. 
Country Of Origin
Famous Examples
Records Held
Overall Exercise
20 - 40 minutes per day.
Although the Affen is a small dog he is very active and requires a reasonable amount of daily exercise which because of his size, should be supervised to prevent damage to legs or eyes. They will enjoy playing games which exercise their considerable intelligence but these should not be too rough or boisterous. 
Distress if Left Alone
Personal Protection
Guard Dog Suitability
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Tendency to Bark
Level of Aggression
Compatibility With Other Animals
Suitable For Children


General Character And Temperament
These dogs are small with several terrier characteristics. They are lively and self-confident and carry themselves with comic seriousness. Although very affectionate with their owners they are quick-tempered, fiery and fearless. They tend to dislike strangers and show it, careful socialising as a puppy will help reduce this aggressiveness. They also have a loud yap and make good alarm dogs giving warning of any approach. Again careful training as a pup is needed to prevent this becoming a nuisance. They need gentle handling and are not suited to living with small children. 
Coat Length
Grooming Requirement
Once a week 
Requires Professional Groomer
The coat of the Affenpinscher naturally looks rather untidy so grooming is undemanding. Brushing will remove debris and dead hairs from the coat. The dog should be accustomed to being groomed from an early age. Eyes and ears should be checked regularly and teeth cleaning should be practised from an early age. 
The Affenpinscher is commonly black and may have some grey colouration around the face and chest. Silver, black and tan and red colourations also appear. 
Suffers From Allergies

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