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Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Dog Breed Profile

Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)

Other Names
Dog Group Kennel Club
Breed Classification
The Cardigan Corgi is a member of the pastoral group. They were originally used for livestock droving; today they are still used for livestock droving but are more commonly kept as companion dogs. 
Cost of Ownership
Average Food Cost
£4-7.50 per week
Feeding Requirements
Feeding must be watched as they do have a tendency to become overweight. 
Other Expenses
The average price of a puppy is £300. 
9 - 15 years
The average lifespan is usually 12 to 14 years.  
Average Litter Size
The average litter size is 7, but it is not unheard of for 12 puppies to be born in a litter. 
General Physical Description
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small sized, sturdy little dog that is set low to the ground. Their straight, medium or short length coat is waterproof. They have a fox like brush for a tail, and their head has the look of a fox also. They are much longer than they are tall.

Height Min Max
Bitch 27cm (11") 32cm (13")
Dog 27cm (11") 32cm (13")
Weight Min Max
Bitch 11kg (24lbs) 15kg (33lbs)
Dog 15kg (33lbs) 18kg (40lbs)
Size Category
Weight Height Range
Ideally dogs should measure 30cms at the withers and weigh between 15-18kgs. Bitches should measure between 27-32cms at the withers and weigh between 11-15kgs.  
The Cardigan Corgi appears to be quite a hardy little dog but there are some ailments that are common to this breed. They do have a tendency to become overweight and this can lead to back and joint problems. Other joint problems can occur at the shoulders 
Common Ailments

Eye - Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Eye - Glaucoma
Bones (Developmental) - Hip dysplasia
Spine (Acquired) - Disc disease (disc extrusion, protrusion, explosion/"slipped disc") - Cervical
Urogenital (Acquired) - Urolithiasis (bladder stones)
Back Problems  
Susceptibility To Illness
Records have been discovered that states that the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has existed in the UK since about 1200 BC. They are thought to have been brought to Wales by the Celts. They were very popular as cattle drovers. The Cardigan and Pembroke Corgis were recognised as separate breeds in the UK in 1934. 
The Cardigan is an intelligent dog that loves a challenge. They are not too difficult to train but they can to take over the training sessions if given the chance. As puppies they do require to be properly socialised and trained. < 
Show Characteristics
The head should appear fox like, and be flat and wide between the ears. The muzzle should taper and the jaw is strong with a complete scissor bite. The eyes should be of medium size, set wide and preferably dark in colour. Their ears should be erect and slightly rounded at the tip; the ears are large in relation to the overall size of the dog. The neck should be muscular and flow into the well-developed shoulders. The chest should be broad and the topline level. The front legs should short; the back legs should also be short and muscular. The feet should be round, tight and large. Their movement should be free and active with the front legs moving well forward. The tail should be fox like, nearly touching the ground. The tail is carried low when the dog is stationary, and carried slightly above the body when moving; it should never be curled over the back. The coat should be of short or medium length, straight, weatherproof and have a good undercoat. Any colour is acceptable in the show ring, as long as white is not the dominant colour. 
Country Of Origin
Famous Examples
Records Held
Overall Exercise
40 - 60 minutes per day.
This Corgi requires an adequate amount of exercise, even though they only have short legs, and likes to be kept active; however they are fairly adaptable exercise wise and will fit in with family life. This dog still has the herding instincts of its ancestors, and as such likes constant activity in its life. They do have a tendency to nip heels and chase feet. It has to be noted that they are prone to back and joint problems so they must be watched when there is a lot of stair climbing involved in any of their activities. It is advisable not to encourage stair climbing and jumping until the puppy is at least 6 months old.  
Distress if Left Alone
Personal Protection
Guard Dog Suitability
Risk of Sheep Worrying
Tendency to Bark
Level of Aggression
Compatibility With Other Animals
Suitable For Children


General Character And Temperament
The Cardigan Corgi is an intelligent and active little dog. They are obedient and are loyal to the family. They do get on well with children as long as they are treated with respect. They are ideally suited to the active family. They should be socialised and training started at an early age. 
Coat Length
Grooming Requirement
> Once a week 
Requires Professional Groomer
The coat of the Corgi is of short or medium length, straight and waterproof with a dense undercoat. This coat needs a small amount of time spent on grooming. They do need to be brushed to remove any loose and dead hairs. If they have been out in the mud then it is easy to remove the dirt once it has dried.  
They can be brindle, sable, red, black and tan or blue merle in colour. 
Suffers From Allergies

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