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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

General
OtherNames Cavie, Cav
Dog Group Kennel Club Toy
Breed Classification The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel belongs to the toy group and is used as a companion and seen in the show-ring.
Cost of Ownership
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Average Food Cost
< £4
Feeding Requirements
These dogs are relatively easy to feed, not requiring any supplements or special diets. The main thing to remember with the Cavalier is not to overfeed as they do have a tendency to become overweight.
Other Expenses
The price of a puppy will be around £400 to £500.
Average Puppy Price
£300-500
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Average Litter Size
4
General Physical Description
A small spaniel with a short, but definite muzzle, large brown eyes and silky fur.
Height Min Max
Bitch 30cm 33cm
Dog 30cm 33cm
Weight Min Max
Bitch 5kg 8kg
Dog 5kg 8kg
Size Category Small
Weight Height Range The average height of both dogs and bitches is between 30 to 33 cm and the weight is between 5.5 and 8 kg.
Ailments Cavies are prone to heart murmurs, cataracts and subluxating patellas (slipping knee caps.) Cavaliers also have the highest incidence of any breed of Mitral Valve Disease. Pups should only be bred from specimens of the breed who have shown no sign of the disease at the older age of 3 - 5 years - a bit late for some to wait to start breeding, but perhaps necessary in order to eradicate the disease from the breed.
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
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Pet health and vet advice

Medium
Other
History In its heyday, this breed was known as a 'comforte dog' and doctors even wrote prescriptions with this little dog as the remedy. The original Cavalier King Charles was developed from the toy spaniels pictured in the work of 16th, 17th and 18th century painters such as Van Dyck, Titian, Stubbs and Gainsborough. These portraits show a small spaniel with a flat head, high set ears, almond shaped eyes and a pointed nose. They were very common as a ladies’ pet and were used to warm laps during cold carriage rides and while waiting about in chilly castles. Another job the dogs had was to attract fleas off their mistresses so that the owner would not get bitten and die of the plague. The royal name, 'King Charles Spaniel' was bestowed during the reign of King Charles II, who was so fond of his spaniels he could not be parted from them. He made a decree that King Charles Spaniels must be allowed in any public place, including the House of Parliament. This decree is still in the law books today
Intelligence This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog. Eager to please, it is wonderfully simple to train and can do well in obedience trials. It is a clean dog and will housebreak quickly.
Show Characteristics The breed standard calls for an almost flat skull between the ears and a very shallow stop. The distance between the stop and the tip of the nose should be 1 and ½ inches and the nose must be black. The muzzle is tapered but not pointed and the lips should not be pendulous. A scissor or level bite is encouraged, while the undershot jaw of their near relation, the King Charles Spaniel is discouraged. Soulful eyes should be round and dark, widely spaced and not bulging. There should be a slight cushion under the eye, adding to their beguiling look. Well feathered ears should be high set and fairly long. The neck is relatively long for the size of the dog and leads into shoulders that are not too straight. A level back with a short body is desired. The chest should be of moderate depth and the ribs well sprung, while avoiding a barrel shape. Both fore and hind legs should be straight and of medium weight bone. The legs should be parallel so that the compact and well cushioned foot is pointed straight forward. Carried level with the back, the happy Cavy will keep its tail in perpetual motion. Graceful in gait, the dog’s cheery and positive disposition should shine through at all times. A long and silky coat is desired with much feathering.
Country Of Origin England
Famous Examples
Records Held
Characteristics
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Energy Medium
Overall Exercise 40 - 60 minutes
Distress Caused if Left Alone
Personal Protection Low
Suitability As Guard Dog Low
Risk of Sheep Worrying Low
Tendency to Bark Medium
Ease of Transportation High
Level of Aggression Low
Compatibility With Other Animals High
Suitable For Children
High
General Character And Temperament This is an affectionate, undemanding and easy to train family dog.They are excellent with children and the elderly. They are not excessive barkers but will announce strangers. They are no guard dogs however, as they greet most people warmly. Cavaliers get along with everyone, including cats and other small pets. Being relatively small and easy going, they make good travel companions.
Grooming
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Coat Length Medium/Long
Grooming Requirement Once a week
Trimming None
Requires Professional Groomer
Grooming Cavaliers should be groomed thoroughly once a week. The nails and the hair between the pads of the feet should be trimmed once a month. This is a shedding dog but good grooming should keep the hair load on your furniture fairly low. Special attention must be given to the ears are they are drop ears and there is very little air circulation. No trimming is necessary and is, indeed, disallowed for the show ring.
Colour The colours are black and tan, ruby, red and white (Blenheim) and tricolour (black and white with rich tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, underside of ears and tail).
Shedding Little
Suffers From Allergies
Tendency to Cause Allergies

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