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Breed Profiles
Dog Breeds

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Chow Chow (Rough)

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Chow Chow (Rough)

General
OtherNames Chow
Dog Group Kennel Club Utility
Breed Classification The Chow Chow is a member of the utility group. They were originally used as guard dogs, for pulling carts and as food. Today they are used as companion dogs.
Cost of Ownership
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Average Food Cost
£4-7.50
Feeding Requirements
The Chow is prone to bloat so should be fed twice daily, instead of one large meal once a day.
Other Expenses
A puppy will cost in the region of £800 to £950.
Average Puppy Price
>£800
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Average Litter Size
5
General Physical Description
The Chow Chow is a short, compact squarely built dog. The tail is curled over the back. The inside of the mouth and the tongue are blue/black in colour. They have a very abundant, thick, dense coat that is thick around the neck giving it a mane like appearance. They move with a stilted and stiff legged gait.
Height Min Max
Bitch 46cm 51cm
Dog 48cm 56cm
Weight Min Max
Bitch 20kg 25kg
Dog 26kg 32kg
Size Category Medium
Weight Height Range Dogs measure 48-56cms at the withers and weigh between 26 and 32kgs. Bitches measure 46-51cms at the withers and weigh between 20 and 25kgs.
Ailments Chows can be sensitive to the heat due to their dense coats, so avoid letting them be exposed to too much sunlight and hot conditions. It is also advisable to keep an eye on their weight. As hip dysplasia is a problem in the breed make sure the parents ha
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
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Medium
Other
History The origin of the Chow Chow is a bit of a mystery, there seems to be little doubt that they closely related to other spitz dogs, in fact, it is widely thought that spitz breeds are descended from the Chow Chow. They probably came from Mongolia and Manchuria, where their meat was once a delicacy and their fur was used for clothing, then introduced to China. Some historians have found evidence of them occurring in the 11th century BC. Centuries ago they were used to guard the temples against evil spirits. The Chow was also used as a hunting dog by the aristocrats, a guard dog against intruders, sled and cart pullers and as watchdogs. The Chow Chow first arrived in Britain in 1780.
Intelligence The Chow Chow is relatively easy to train but they like to know what they are doing and the reason for it. They are very clean dogs and are therefore very easy to housetrain. They do have a tendency to be stubborn and need to be trained by someone who knows what they are doing. They must be socialised from a very early age as they can become willful and unmanageable otherwise. As a breed they are quite biddable but are not renowned for their great obedience.
Show Characteristics The head should be flat and broad, with a broad muzzle that is relatively short. The eyes should be dark and almond shaped, the ears small, thick and erect. The teeth should have a scissor bite. The tongue, inside of the mouth and gums should all preferably be black. The neck is strong and slightly arched. Muscular shoulders with straight front legs, the back legs are muscular and relatively straight to produce the characteristic stilted gait. The chest should be deep and broad with well sprung ribs. The back should be short and level. The feet should be small and round. Self coloured dogs are preferred, with the colours being red, black, blue, fawn, cream or white, under the tail and backs of the thighs can be a lighter colour.
Country Of Origin China
Famous Examples
Records Held
Characteristics
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Energy Low
Overall Exercise 40 - 60 minutes
Distress Caused if Left Alone
Personal Protection High
Suitability As Guard Dog High
Risk of Sheep Worrying High
Tendency to Bark Low
Ease of Transportation High
Level of Aggression Medium
Compatibility With Other Animals Medium
Suitable For Children
Medium
General Character And Temperament The Chow is naturally an aloof dog and can be stubborn with it. They can become attached to one person and do have a tendency to snap or bite if they feel they or their owner is threatened. They may look like a cuddly teddy bear but they are not. Breeders have improved the temperaments over recent years and many bad tempered Chows are thought to be that way due to lack of proper training and socialisation when young. They are relatively quiet dogs that also make good guards. As long as they are introduced to children, cats and other household pets when young, problems can be prevented.
Grooming
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Coat Length Short/Medium
Grooming Requirement Every Day
Trimming None
Requires Professional Groomer
Grooming The grooming requirements of this dog are quite considerable. Grooming should be started at an early age as it must be done on a daily basis. When the adult coat comes in the puppy must be bathed and groomed more often so the new coat can come in properly. The coat itself is very abundant, thick and dense, with the outer coat being quite coarse in texture and the undercoat soft and woolly. The coat is thicker around the neck and legs.
Colour The Chow Chow comes in a wide range of different colours, cream/white, fawn, red, blue and black.
Shedding Moderate
Suffers From Allergies True
Tendency to Cause Allergies

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