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Breed Profiles
Dog Breeds

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Dachshund (Smooth Haired)

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You may want to post any specific questions that you have about this breed in our Pet Talk area to ask people with first hand experience.

Dachshund (Smooth Haired)

General
OtherNames
Dog Group Kennel Club Hound
Breed Classification Dachshunds belong to the hound group and are used as companions and seen in the show-ring.
Cost of Ownership
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Average Food Cost
< £4
Feeding Requirements
The Dachshund can be fed dry or wet food once or twice a day. They can be greedy so be very careful to not overfeed as an overweight Dachshund is at much greater risk of back problems.
Other Expenses
Dachshund puppies can cost between £450 to £650.
Average Puppy Price
£300-500
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Average Litter Size
6
General Physical Description
This is a long backed, short legged dog of diminutive height. While small, the Dachshund is still muscular and powerfully built with a deep, broad chest and well-developed forelegs. The forehead blends into the muzzle creating an elongated look to the skull. The eyes are dark, almond shaped and intelligent looking. The ears are high set and long.
Height Min Max
Bitch 0cm 0cm
Dog 0cm 0cm
Weight Min Max
Bitch 9kg 12kg
Dog 9kg 12kg
Size Category Medium
Weight Height Range Dachshunds are measured by chest girth, which in the standard smooth coated dachshund should be up to 35cms.Both dogs and bitches should weigh between 9-12kgs.
Ailments The most important health consideration with Dachshunds is their spinal problems. Due to the elongated nature of the body, the spine is prone to injury. Disc rupture, often leading to paralysis, is a common problem in Dachshunds. Stairs and jumping on and off furniture must be avoided. Surgical intervention can sometimes help with this ailment but many Dachshunds have to resort to carts to haul their hindlimbs around. Dachshunds can also be prone to skin ailments such as bald patches and lack of skin pigmentation.
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
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Other
History Dachshunds can be directly traced back to the 15th century in Germany. However, Dachshund type dogs have appeared in ancient Egyptian and Mexican art. Remains of a Dachshund type dog were found with shipwreck remnants in Italy, dating back to the 1st century AD. The German breed standard was set in 1879 and the breed club established in 1888. Dachshunds were exported to Great Britain with Prince Albert and became popular in Britain and America throughout the 19th century. During World War I, the breed lost popularity in these countries, due to its Germanic origins, however, prejudices have been set aside and the dog is again a favourite family pet and hunting companion. Standard dachshunds were used to hunt badgers primarily but have been used with other game.
Intelligence This breed is intelligent but not particularly easy to train since it has a curious nature and a mind of its own. It can be very difficult to overcome the hunting instinct and train the dog to come when called. Early socialisation is required in order for it to learn to get along with cats and other dogs. Socialisation will also help it overcome its natural wariness with strangers.
Show Characteristics The head should be long and tapered with the forehead showing a slight arch and blending, in an unbroken line to the bridge of the nose. Obliquely set, the eyes should be almond shaped and of a dark colour. The nose and eye rims, as well as the lips should be black. High set, the ears are long and rounded at the tip. The jaws are powerful and the teeth should meet in a scissor bite. A slightly arched neck meets muscular forequarters, beginning with a long broad shoulder bone. The humerus should be of equal length to the shoulder and set at a right angle. A short forearm appears straight in profile but angles in slightly at the front. Needed for going to ground, the feet are a good size, very well-padded and with strong nails. A muscular body should have a level back and a deep broad chest with a prominent breastbone. The hindquarters show a broad knee joint, a prominent hock and broad achilles tendon. In the standard variety, the coat is short, smooth and dense. All colours are allowed in the show ring. A limited amount of white is allowed on the chest, but is not desirable.
Country Of Origin Germany
Famous Examples
Records Held
Characteristics
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Energy Medium
Overall Exercise 20 - 40 minutes
Distress Caused if Left Alone
Personal Protection Low
Suitability As Guard Dog Medium
Risk of Sheep Worrying Low
Tendency to Bark High
Ease of Transportation Medium
Level of Aggression Medium
Compatibility With Other Animals Low
Suitable For Children
Low
General Character And Temperament This is an intelligent dog but it has a mind of its own. Therefore, it is not that easily trained. It is recommended that firm, consistent training techniques be used to overcome the dog's natural tendency to dominate, while not incurring a sense of injustice. Unfairly treated, a dachshund will sulk at length. Early socialisation is required in order to acclimate dachshunds to children, strangers and other animals. They are a breed that becomes quite attached to their family and usually one family member in particular, however, they will be less friendly with strangers.
Grooming
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Coat Length
Grooming Requirement < Once a week
Trimming None
Requires Professional Groomer
Grooming Smooth coated dachshunds should be groomed with a rubber glove once a week to remove dead hairs. This breed does shed.
Colour Most dachshunds are black with tan markings or a solid reddish-brown colour. However, they can appear as reds, dappled, with tiger markings, or brindle. Some may have a limited amount of white on the chest.
Shedding Moderate
Suffers From Allergies
Tendency to Cause Allergies

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