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Small Animal Breeds
Gerbil - Mixed Breed
Gerbil - Mongolian
Gerbil - Pallid
Guinea Pig - Abyssinian
Guinea Pig - Long Haired
Guinea Pig - Mixed Breed
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Guinea Pig - Smooth
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Breed Profiles
Small Animal Breeds

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Select the small animal breed you are interested in from the list below.

Guinea Pig - Smooth

You can find the contact details for specific breed societies local to you by going to the Your Territory area.

You may want to post any specific questions that you have about this breed in our Pet Talk area to ask people with first hand experience.

Guinea Pig - Smooth

Other Names Domestic Cavy
Lifespan On average this guinea pig can live to 5 or 6 years, there are exceptions to this with some living longer and others shorter lives.
Breeding The ideal age for the female guinea pig to start breeding is at least 20 weeks of age and before 1 year old.
Average Litter Size The guinea pig can produce, on average, 3 young. Litters can be between 1or 6, sometimes more.
Gestation Period The gestation period is between 65-72 days.
General Physical Description The Smooth Coated Guinea Pig has a broad head with a short face, the eye are bright and quite large. The ears are petal shaped and droop and their bodies are relatively long. These guinea pigs come in one ‘solid’ colour or white with one or two other colours.
Size Guinea pigs can measure 20-40.5cms in length. Some wild guinea pigs can be as long as a metre.
Feeding A well-balanced dry guinea mix will contain all the necessary nutritional requirements that a guinea pig needs. They do enjoy the occasional treat in the form of fruit and vegetables. Do make sure these are limited as too much can cause diarrhoea. Avoid giving too much lettuce as this can lead to liver problems. Cavies cannot make their own vitamin C, so they must be fed fresh vegetables in order to get a supply. It may be necessary to supplement vitamin C into the diet, especially during the winter months when the fruit and vegetables are in limited supply. An earthenware bowl is the best type of feeding dish to use, as they are harder to knock over than the plastic ones, also they not chewable. A water bottle fixed to the outside of the cage, with the water tube going into the cage, ensures a fresh water supply is available.
Visit our Guinea Pig Food department
Cage & Bedding A basic standard cage, with a plastic base and a wire or plastic cover that attaches to the base, can be used as long as they are kept indoors, also the guinea pig must be allowed out for supervised exercise daily. Wooden hutches are more commonly used and can be for outdoor or indoor use. Make sure that the guinea pig has adequate space for exercise and a separate sleeping compartment. Wood shavings should be used for the floor of the cage with some hay on top. Fine sawdust can cause eye irritations and do not use straw as it can cause eye injuries. The cage or hutch should be cleaned out weekly, the indoor cages may need to be cleaned out ore often, and any old food removed. If it is necessary to wash the housing then only use a cleaner specifically designed for cleaning these little animals houses. An earthenware food bowl and a drinking bottle will also be required to feed and water the guinea pig.
Visit our Guinea Pig Housing department
Suitability For Children
Character & Temperament
Sleeping Habits
In the wild cavies are more active at night.
Visit our Guinea Pig Bedding department
Toys & Exercise
The cage or hutch itself could be furnished with items, such as boxes and tubes, for the guinea pig to hide in. A box with several holes big enough for guinea pigs to go through will keep them amused for a good long while.
Visit our Guinea Pig Toys department
Types of Coat The coat is short, smooth and fine.
Colour The smooth coated guinea pig comes in several solid colours such as black, white, cream, golden, chocolate, red, beige and lilac. The more unusual colours are the red eyed, orange, blue and buff. The smooth coat also comes in the Dutch variety and is commonly red and white or black and white. The base colour of the Dutch is white with chocolate, golden cream or tri-colour.
Visit our Guinea Pig Grooming department
Intelligence Guinea pigs can become accustomed to the sound of your voice, and will show various degrees of response. It may even be possible, using treats as rewards, to train the guinea pig to carry out some of its natural activities.
Show Characteristics The smooth coated Cavies can be all one colour (known as a self variety) or they can be a combination of colours, or one colour with a distinctive coat characteristic (non self variety). The self variety should have a broad head with a short face, the eye are bright and quite large. The ears are petal shaped and droop and their bodies are relatively long. The coat should comprise of short and fine hairs. The most popular of the self varieties is the black; other colours are white (they have red eyes), cream (ruby eyes), golden, red, beige (red eyes) and lilac (red eyes). In the non self varieties the Dutch guinea pig is a popular choice, they are white with another colour, they can be white with black, red, chocolate, golden or cream. The markings have to be precise for showing. Other smooth coated non selfs are the Himalayan, the Crested, Roans and Dalmatians.
Country of Origin South America

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