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Breed Profiles
Dog Breeds

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Select the dog breed you are interested in from the list below.
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Tibetan Mastiff

You can find the contact details for specific breed societies local to you by going to the Your Territory area.

You may want to post any specific questions that you have about this breed in our Pet Talk area to ask people with first hand experience.

Tibetan Mastiff

General
OtherNames Do-Khyi, TM
Dog Group Kennel Club Working
Breed Classification The Tibetan Mastiff is a member of the working group. They were originally used for guarding villages and monasteries and their livestock. Today they are guard dogs, companions and seen in the show ring.
Cost of Ownership
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Average Food Cost
£4-7.50
Feeding Requirements
As puppies the Tibetan Mastiff should have a nutritious diet to ensure the proper formation of the bones and joints. Supplements should not be added to the diet unless absolutely necessary as they can do more harm than good. There are reports of the adolescent dog being a picky eater. Care should be taken that the protein levels do not exceed 20-22%.
Other Expenses
Puppies are expensive, £850 upwards, as this is a rare breed with very few littrs being bred annually. However once purchased, other than feeding costs expense should be minimal.
Average Puppy Price
>£800
Lifespan
9 - 15 years
Average Litter Size
10
General Physical Description
Powerful with good bone, the Tibetan Mastiff is a strong, well-built dog with a fairly long, thick (double coat with undercoat) coat and a bushy tail which curls over the back. Light on their feet at speed but can appear slow and deliberate when walking.
Height Min Max
Bitch 61cm 0cm
Dog 66cm 0cm
Weight Min Max
Bitch 55kg 70kg
Dog 64kg 80kg
Size Category Extra Large
Weight Height Range Ideally dogs should measure minimum 66 cms at the withers, and bitches minimum 61cms. The weight of the Tibetan Mastiff is between 55 – 80 kgs.
Ailments The Tibetan Mastiff is in general a healthy breed. As long as they have the correct diet to allow their proper growth there should not be too many bone and joint problems. They can suffer from thyroid deficiencies and Hip Dysplacia.
Common Ailments
Susceptibility To Illness
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Other
History Ancestors of the Tibetan Mastiff have been known to exist in Tibet for many centuries. The history of what these dogs were crossed with to produce the Tibetan Mastiff has unfortunately been lost. They began to appear in other countries when Alexander the Great took them with him on his travels around the world. The Tibetan Mastiff we know today has been known to exist outside Tibet for over a century. In the 1880’s the Prince of Wales owned at least one of these dogs, and the breed standard was created in the 1930’s.
Intelligence These dogs require consistent and firm training. They can be stubborn and a bit dominant so they do need to know their place in the family. Strong words and harsh handling will only cause them to ignore their handlers. They need to be brought up carefully with proper socialisation in order to become well adjusted family pets.
Show Characteristics The Tibetan Mastiff should have a broad, heavy and strong with a fairly broad muzzle that appears square when viewed from all sides. The jaws should be strong and have a regular, complete scissor bite. The eyes should be wide set, medium in size, oval shaped and in any shade of brown. The ears should be of medium size, triangular, dropping forward close to the head and covered in soft, short hair. The neck should be strong, muscular and arched with a thick mane of hair. The chest should be deep with a strong back and level topline, this dog should be slightly longer than the height at the withers. The front legs should be straight, strong and well covered with hair, the back legs should be muscular, powerful and should appear parallel when viewed from the rear. The feet should be comparatively large, strong and cat like in appearance. The tail should be high set and curled over the back to one side. Their movement should be powerful and light when moving quickly, they will appear slow and unhurried when walking. The topcoat should be rather long and thick with a heavy, woolly undercoat. The undercoat will become sparse during the warmer months. The coat should be thicker around the neck and shoulders, heavily feathered on the legs and bushy and dense on the tail. The colours desired are black, black and tan, brown, shades of gold or grey and grey with gold markings. Limited white is allowed on the chest and toes. They can have tan markings on the muzzle, above the eyes, lower part of the legs and on the tip of the tail.
Country Of Origin Tibet
Famous Examples
Records Held
Characteristics
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Energy Medium
Overall Exercise 40 - 60 minutes
Distress Caused if Left Alone Low
Personal Protection High
Suitability As Guard Dog High
Risk of Sheep Worrying High
Tendency to Bark High
Ease of Transportation Medium
Level of Aggression Medium
Compatibility With Other Animals Medium
Suitable For Children
High
General Character And Temperament It is natural for this dog to want to guard and protect its family and territory. Some can be aggressive and stubborn so early socialisation is necessary. Most of them will be very gentle, patient and loving with people and children they know but will be very distrustful of strangers. A very calm, thoughtful and dignified breed, the TM can also be stubborn, dominant and self-confident.The TM can be a nocturnal barker, with a loud booming voice as all good guard dogs should have!
Grooming
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Coat Length Short/Medium
Grooming Requirement > Once a week
Trimming
Requires Professional Groomer
Grooming When not moulting, these dogs are SO EASY to maintain- 10-15 mins a couple of times a week. Once a year anytime between April -July, they have a summer moult, which can last up to 6-8weeks, They blow all their undercoat out, which comes out in clumps of wool. They really need to be heavily groomed/raked out, then winter coat starts to grow in by August, September. Compared to short haired breeds (Mastiff, Bullmastiff etc) they do not constantly shed hairs all the time.
Colour They can be black, black and tan, brown, shades of gold or grey and grey with gold markings. Some may have white on the chest and toes. They can have tan markings on the muzzle, above the eyes, lower part of the legs and on the tip of the tail.
Shedding Moderate
Suffers From Allergies
Tendency to Cause Allergies True

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