What are the different types of dog fur coats?

Smooth

The hair lies very flat to the dog's body and these smooth coats don't need much grooming but still shouldn't be ignored.

Regularly brush your dog to remove the dead hair by firstly going against the lay of the hair and then with the lay of the hair, this will help remove the dead hair and also improve the shine of the coat.

After brushing you should bathe your dog using a shampoo. For a smooth coat, conditioner isn't necessary however it will help improve the shine of the coat and will help repel the dust and dirt. To dry a smooth coat simply use a towel and then allow the coat to air dry naturally.

Brushes - Best use a bristle or pin brush to firstly go against the lay of the hair and then with the lay of the hair. De-shedding tools can also be very useful.

Bathe - Shampoo - for smooth coats that shed a lot a de-shedding shampoo works well to remove dead hair.

Double

These dogs may be short or long haired, but they will require more grooming than other furs. These coats have a soft undercoat providing insulation and a tougher outercoat to protect your dog against the elements.

Short hair double coat - using a slicker or pin brush, start by brushing out from the skin. Once you have completed this then use the same brush or comb to the outer layer and brush with the lay of the hair.

Long hair double coats - split the hair into manageable sections and use the slicker or rake to brush out from the skin to remove loose hair in the undercoat. Once you have managed this use the wide-toothed comb to brush deep within the undercoat parallel to the body and this will continue to remove loose hair. If you find tangles in the hair then use a de-tangle spray to work these loose. Finally finish by brushing the top layer of the coat as normal.

After you have brushed the dog then bathe the dog using both a shampoo and conditioner.

Long

Long coats can be coarse or silky and will require brushing on regular basis and especially when your dog is shedding. Additionally, long coats have a habit of matting so use a de-tangle spray and work through the hair removing the mats. You can also purchase specialist anti-tangle combs and brushes for long coats.

Coarse long coat - these dogs will have a softer undercoat and you will need a pin brush and a soft bristle brush. Firstly, after you have removed the matted parts of the coat, brush using the pin brush in the direction of the hair, then brush the dog using the soft bristle brush.

Silky long coat - these dogs have no undercoat but as they have fine hair there is always the problem of the hair matting. After using a detangle spray to work through the hair to remove the mats then brush the coat in the direction of the lay of the hair.

After you have brushed the dog then bathe the dog using both a shampoo and conditioner.

Wiry

Wiry coats are highly likely to mating so use a de-tangle spray to work through the hair removing the mats. When grooming you will need both a stripping comb or knife and a slicker brush. These coats can be difficult to groom and on occasion going to a professional groomer may be necessary.

Start by using the stripping comb or knife to thin the hair by running it along the back of the dog and taking out any tangles. Once the thinning has been completed use the slicker brush to brush the coat from the skin outwards.

After you have brushed the dog then bathe the dog using a shampoo that will not leave the coat soft and while this coat does not need a conditioner a light one can be used to restore and add some nourishment to the coat.

Wool

Wool or curly coat dogs have thick soft hair that has lots of volume and rests close to the body. When grooming you will need a soft slicker brush and you should brush against the way the fur grows to make the coat fluffy. You may also need a finishing comb or a dematting tool to take any tangles out and a dematting spray is also essential as the long curly hair is likely to tangle.

Afterwards, you should bathe your dog using only a shampoo, as a conditioner can weigh the coat down and reduce the fluffiness and it will make it harder to clip the dog. After the bath firstly towel dry the dog and then use a hairdryer to fluff the hair while brushing using the slicker brush, brushing away from the body.